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Headache

One of the most common medical complaints

Mostpeople experience them at some point in their life. They can affect
anyone regardless of age, race, and gender. Almost half of all adults
worldwide will experience a headache in any given year .
A headache can be a sign of stress or emotional distress, or it can result from
a medical disorder, such as migraine or high blood
pressure , anxiety, or depression. It can lead to other problems. People with
chronic migraine headaches, for example, may find it hard to attend work or
school regularly yet focus on daily task.

Headache causes

Headache is a common complaint worldwide.
A headache can occur in any part of the head, on both sides of the head, or in
just one location.
Headaches can radiate across the head from a central point or have a
vise-like quality. Different pain symptoms can be sharp, throbbing or dull,
appear gradually or suddenly. Lasting from less than an hour up to several
days.There are different ways to define headaches.

Primary Headaches

Primary headaches are stand-alone illnesses caused directly by theoveractivity of, or problems with, structures in the head that arepain-sensitive.This includes the blood vessels, muscles, and nerves of thehead and neck.Common primary headaches include migraines, cluster headaches,

Secondary headaches

Secondary headaches are symptoms that happen when another conditionstimulates the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. In other words, the headachesymptoms can be associated to another factor.A wide range of different factors can cause secondary headaches.
These include:
● alcohol-induced hangover
● brain tumor
● blood clots
● bleeding in or around the brain
● “brain freeze,” or ice-cream headaches
● carbon monoxide poisoning
● concussion
● dehydration
● glaucoma
● teeth-grinding at night
● influenza
● overuse of pain medication, known as rebound headaches
● panic attacks● stroke

As headaches can be a symptom of a serious condition, it is advice to seekmedical attention if they become more severe, regular, or persistent.For example, a Doctor should be contacted immediately if headaches becomemore painful or fail to improve with medication or is joined by other symptomssuch as fever, confusion, and stiffness in neck.

Headache Types

The symptoms/factors can depend on the type headache.

Tension headaches

Tension headaches begin slowly and gradually in the middle of the day.These are the most common form of primary headache.
The person can feel:
● as if they have a tight band around the head
● a constant, dull ache on both sides
● pain spread to or from the neck

Tension-type headaches can be either episodic or chronic. Episodic attacksusually are for few hours in duration, but can last for several days. Chronicheadaches occur for 15 or more days a month for a period of at least 3months.

Migraines

A migraine headache appears only on one side of the head, causing apulsating, throbbing pain Side effects may include:
● blurred vision
● light-headedness
● nausea
● sensory disturbances known as auras

Migraine is the second most common form of primary headache and canhave a significant impact on the life of an individual. A migraine can last froma few hours to between 2 and 3 days.

Rebound Headaches

Rebound or medication-overuse headaches occur from an excessive use ofmedication to treat headache symptoms. They usually begin early in the dayand persist throughout the day. They may improve with pain medication, butworsen when its effects wear off.Along with the headache itself, rebound headaches can cause:
● neck pain
● restlessness
● a feeling of nasal congestion
● reduced sleep quality

Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches usually last between 15 minutes and 3 hours , and they occursuddenly once per day up to eight times per day for a period of weeks tomonths. In between clusters, there may be no headache symptoms, and thisheadache-free period can last months to years.The pain caused by cluster headaches is:
● one-sided
● severe
● often described as sharp or burning
● typically located in or around one eye

The affected area may become red and swollen, the eyelid may droop, andthe nasal passage on the affected side may become stuffy and runny.

Thunderclap Headaches

These are sudden, severe headaches that are often described as the “worstheadache of my life.” They reach maximum intensity in less than one minuteand last longer than 5 minutes.A thunderclap headache is often secondary to life-threatening conditions,such as intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral venous thrombosis, ruptured orunruptured aneurysms , reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome(RVS), meningitis , and pituitary apoplexy. Therefore, people who experiencethese sudden, severe headaches should seek medical evaluationimmediately.

Headache Diagnosis and Treatment

A doctor will usually be able to diagnose a particular type of headache througha description of the condition, the type of pain, and the timing and pattern ofattacks. If the nature of the headache appears to be complex, tests may becarried out to eliminate more serious causes
.Further testing could include:
● blood tests
● chiropractic examination
● X-rays
● brain scans, such as CT and MRI

The most common ways of treating headaches are through chiropracticmanipulation and adjustment.It is important to follow the doctor’s advice because overusing pain reliefmedication can lead to rebound headaches. Causing them to worse withintime.

Headache relief and self-care

A number of steps can be taken to reduce the risk of headaches and to easethe pain if they do occur:
● Apply a heat pack or ice pack to your head or neck, but avoid extremetemperatures.
● Avoid stressing
● Eat regular meals, taking care to maintain stable blood sugar.
● See your chiropractor regularly for adjustment.

A hot shower can help, although in one rare condition hot water exposure cantrigger headaches. Exercising regularly and getting enough rest and regularsleep contributes to overall health and stress reduction.

Alternative Headache Treatments

Chiropractic adjustment and manipulation give us a call andmake an appointment for examination.
Headache may result from a deficiency of a particular nutrient or nutrients,especially magnesium and certain B vitamins. Nutrient deficiencies can bedue to a poor quality diet.

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